Personal Loan Overview

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Personal loans are unsecured loans provided by the banks without taking any collateral security, though some PSU banks may insist on a guarantor. Personal loan can be taken for any personal requirement ranging from marriage to holidaying or maybe to buy a lifestyle product or medical emergencies. The end purpose is not important to the bank as long as it is not for speculative trading.

Personal loan is a simple hassle free process of acquiring personal finance with minimal documentation and within quick time. The bank will require the borrower's documents regarding the proof of identity, residence along with income proof / ITR of last 2 years to initiate the process for loan sanction.

After verifying the documents and checking the borrower's credit score with Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited commonly known as CIBIL, the bank may decide whether to approve or reject the personal loan.

The personal loan amount and rate of interest is dependent on three major factors. First are borrower's income and his ability to service the loan. Second is the company for which the borrower is working and third is the credit history of the borrower. The bank may reject the personal loan if the borrower has defaulted in his past dues on any credit card or loans.

Once the borrower is qualified for the personal loan it takes close to about three days or so to get the loan amount disburse. The personal loan repayment is in equated monthly instalments and tenure can vary from 1- 5 years.

It is advisable for a borrower to get in touch with as many banks as possible and get them to make loan offers to him. Then he can then try to negotiate with them and select the most cost effective option for him. The borrower will also have to take into consideration the processing fee and prepayment charges while finalizing the lender

Always remember that personal loan should be taken in dire emergency as far as possible. Being classified as unsecured loans, these loans are usually more expensive in terms of interest rate compare to any other loan taken against collateral security like gold jewellery, high surrender value insurance policies, etc.


Personal Loan: Eligibility

Personal loans are provided by various banks and non banking financial companies (NBFCs). There are various factors which affect your personal loan eligibility. Below mentioned are some of the few factors which the bank or the NBFC will consider while they decide on your personal loan eligibility.

Financial Background: This is the most important parameter that determines if you are eligible for a personal loan and also the quantum of personal loan you are eligible for. It will help the bank understand how well you can pay back your loan. Every bank will have a minimum level of income to be eligible for a personal loan.

Credit History: This will help the bank ascertain your track record for payment of EMI of any loan or the payment of the credit card bills. In case you have paid all your previous EMIs and credit card bills on time, chances of your getting the loan is higher.

Company in which you are employed: Personal loan eligibility may depend upon the company you are working for. In case your company is a public ltd or among the A class companies, which the banks call them as, the chances of you getting a loan becomes very easy. If you are working for a B class company, then getting a personal loan may be difficult for you or it may be costlier also compared to a person who is working in an A class company. Which means that if you are working for a company which belongs to the A class according to the bank, then the personal loan rate would be comparatively lower to a person who belongs to a B class company.

Any other loans you may be holding: In case you are having any other loan at the given point of time, then your eligibility for personal loan may go down as you are already paying towards EMI of the previous loan and the income in your hand would be lower compared to a case where you are not paying any EMI.